Seneca Niagara Casino

One of the more memorable sculptures throughout Buffalo is the massive feather outside of the new Seneca Niagara Casino.

The feather sculpture is surrounded by sculptures of the 8 Seneca clans, which is the social unit for the families of the Seneca people that share a common female ancestry. There are 4 bird clans (hawk, heron, snipe, and deer) and 4 animal clans (turtle, beaver, wolf and bear).

The feather was designed by Marnell Architecture as part of the new “Arrival Entry Experience” which focused on the renovation of the Hotel Front Lobby, along with the construction of a new entrance driveway and covered Porte cochere structure for hotel valet drop off and pick-up.

The feather sculpture is 40ft tall; the calamus and rachis of the feather were designed as a tapered round steel hollow section, the vane of the feather was designed as a steel plate with the feather pattern cut using a CNC machine. The feather was anchored down to the drilled caisson foundation system below grade. One may notice the feather is slightly off center and curved. Ironically, that was done intentionally in order for the sculpture to withstand the unpredictable wind loads. The sculpture was transported all the way from Las Vegas to Buffalo in one piece via tuck.















Fort Niagara State Park


This Friday the 13th, we’re reminded of one of the spookier projects we’ve had the chance to work on over the years. Fort Niagara State Park on the shores of Lake Ontario has a history that goes back over 300 years. From its perch above the lake, Old Fort Niagara has stood through battles, sieges, and several wars throughout the centuries. It’s a site packed with history, and some would claim that the ghosts of the past are still there, if you listen hard enough…

Wendel, working with New York State Parks and the State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) was brought in to design and install a fire alarm and security system in the north redoubt of the fort. During the design meetings, the possibility of an audible sensor was raised as an option to detect if anyone has broken into the redoubt. The Fort Caretaker shot down this option. The reason? He claimed that after dark there is too much “activity” within the fort, the kind that would be picked up by an audio sensor, creating false alarms. Heeding this ominous advice, the decision was made to instead use a magnetic contact on the entrance door to alert any unauthorized entry by more tangible trespassers.